Victoria Flag History
The Victorian flag is based on the Blue Ensign, as is the Australian flag. It has the British Union flag in the top left-hand corner on a dark blue field. The St Edwards Crown originally signified the state’s ties to Queen Victoria and Britain.
The five white stars underneath the crown represent the constellation of the Southern Cross. The stars do not have an identical number of points. The variation in the number of points indicates their differing brightness in the constellation.
Before all the States joined together as the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901, Victoria was a separate British colony with its own navy. On 9 February 1870, Victoria became the first Australian colony to fly its own flag. The ceremony took place on victorious colonial warship HMVS Nelson.
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Victoria Coat Of Arms
The coat of arms of the State of Victoria contains most of the elements of the State badge used since 1877. The central azure blue shield has the five stars of the Southern Cross. The female figure holding the olive branch represents peace and the other, holding the cornucopia, or horn of plenty depicts prosperity. Together they symbolise the State’s motto of ‘Peace And Prosperity.’
The State’s floral emblem, pink heath, is shown growing from a grassy mound. Above the shield is a wreath of silver and blue with the top half of a kangaroo holding the Royal Crown between its paws.
Floral Emblem Of Victoria
The lovely little bell-like flowers of the common heath (Epacris Impressa) are pollinated by the birds it attracts. This slender, upright shrub has stiff, narrow leaves with sharp points. The flowers can be white, pink, or a rose, crimson or scarlet. The ‘Garden State’ chose the pink form as its emblem in 1958.
Animal Emblem of Victoria
Leadbeater’s possum (Gymnobelideus lead-beateri) lives only in the mountain ash forests of the central highlands of Victoria . In 1910 it was thought to be extinct but is now found scattered over a fairly large area. Leadbeater’s possum measures about 40 centimetres from nose to the tip of its tail. It is covered in soft, thick, greyish-brown fur with white underparts and a beautifully marked face. It feeds on insects and nectar. This pouched mammal breeds from February to November, producing one or two young at a time.
Bird Emblem of Victoria
The helmeted honeyeater (Lichenostomus melanops cassidix) is named for the tuft of golden yellow feathers on top of its head. This very rare bird is found only in southern Victoria. It is 20 centimetres in total length. The upper body is olive-grey and the underparts for a yellow-green. They lay two pinkish, spotted eggs in a cup-shaped nest from August to December.
Information Sourced from:
Flags and Emblems of Australia – Jill B Bruce
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