Northern Territory Flag History
Northern Territory adopted a totally new flag when self-government was granted on 1 July 1978. The flag of the Northern Territory was officially acknowledged and raised for the first time in a ceremony celebrating self-government, on the esplanade in Darwin, the Territorial capital, on 1 July 1978. … The flag was designed by Robert Ingpen, a prominent artist originally from Drysdale, Victoria.
The flag has three colours: black, white and ochre. The black panel on the left has five white stars representing the constellation of the Southern Cross. The sturts desert rose on the ochre panel has seven petals with a seven-pointed star in the centre. This symbolises the six Australian States and the Northern Territory.
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Northern Territory Coat Of Arms
The coat of arms of the Northern Territory is the official heraldic symbol representing the Australian territory. They were officially granted by the royal warrant of Queen Elizabeth II on 11 September 1978. The arms, uniquely in Australia, incorporate all of the territory’s floral, animal and bird emblems: the Sturt’s desert rose, red kangaroo, and wedge-tailed eagle. The abstract motifs represent a simplified ‘Churunga’. These are sacred map-like carvings on stone or wood which have special symbolic meaning to the owner.
Floral Emblem Of Northern Territory
Sturt’s desert rose was adopted as the floral emblem of the Northern Territory in 1974. It is an arid plant which grows best in stony or rocky ground such as dry creek beds and a member of the cotton family. It was named after Charles Sturt who first collected it during his journey to Central Australia in 1844-45. It is a small bushy plant with dark green, oval leaves. The petals of the flowers, which look hibiscus, are mauve with deep red markings at the base.
Animal Emblem of Northern Territory
The largest living marsupial, the red kangaroo is the animal emblem of the Northern Territory. The rusty brown adult males stand more than 2m tall and weigh up to 75 kg. Their long, thin limbs allow them to travel large distances through harsh conditions. They are found in the NT in very dry areas.
Their baby joeys weigh only 80 grams at birth. Females may have one young at foot, one in the pouch and one dormant embryo, but during droughts, breeding is restricted to save the available food. Sometimes several hundred kangaroos can be found in the same place, although they are independent animals and have no social structure.
Bird Emblem of Northern Territory
Australia’s largest preying bird, or raptor, the wedge-tailed eagle has a wingspan of 2.5m. Before cattle and sheep farming in Australia, they ate a range of small mammals that lived in the soft ground cover, as well as other birds and reptiles. It has a long wedge-shaped tail and feathers right down to its feet.
Agriculture and fire have destroyed much of the ground cover, so introduced species like rabbits have become a large part of their diet.
It is thought the eagle also hunts kangaroos that gather around watering holes. At sunrise, they hunt for food. Later on, as the sun heats up the air close to the ground, strong updrafts allow the eagle to soar and glide up to 2000 m high during the middle of the day, warning other eagles to stay out of their territory.
Information Sourced from:
Flags and Emblems of Australia – Jill B Bruce
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