Spanish Flag History
The flag of Spain, as it is defined in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda, and hence the popular name la Rojigualda, meaning red-weld.
The origin of the current flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán. The flag remained marine-focused for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official.
Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the colour scheme of the flag remained intact, with the exception of the Second Republic period, 1931 – 1939, with the only changes centered on the coat of arms.
Switzerland Flag History
The flag of Switzerland displays a white cross in the centre of a square red field. The white cross has been used as the field sign, attached to the clothing of combatants in the form of strips of linen, of the Old Swiss Confederacy since its formation in the late 13th or early 14th century. Its symbolism was described by the Swiss Federal Council in 1889 as representing ‘at the same the Christian cross symbol and the field sign of the Old Confederacy’.
As a national ensign, it was first used in 1800 during the Hundred Days by General Niklaus Franz von Bachmann, and as a regimental flag of all cantonal troops from 1841. The federal coat of arms was defined in 1815 for the Restored Confederacy as the white-on-red Swiss cross in a heraldic shield. The current design was used together with a cross composed of five squares until 1889 when its dimensions were officially set.
The civil and state ensign of Switzerland, used by Swiss ships, boats and non-governmental bodies, is rectangular in shape and has the more common proportions. The Swiss flag is one of only two square sovereign-state flags, the other being the flag of Vatican City. The emblem of the Red Cross is the Swiss flag with switched colours.
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Source – Wikipedia
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