Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
Aboriginal Elder Harold Thomas, a Luritja man from Central Australia, designed the Aboriginal flag in 1971. It was created as a symbol of unity and national identity for Aboriginal people during the land rights movement of the early 1970s. The bright colours of the Aboriginal flag are no coincidence. Harold Thomas used them deliberately “to be eye-catching in land rights protests”. Source
In 1995, The Australian government gazetted it as an Australian flag. The black represents the Aboriginal people. The yellow represents the sun, the giver of life. The red represents the earth and blood spilled by the Aboriginal people in defence of their land.
Torres Strait Islands
The Torres Strait Islander flag was designed by the late Bernard Namok of Thursday Island. The flag symbolises the unity and identity of all Torres Strait Islanders. The flag is emblazoned with a white Dhari, meaning headdress which is a symbol of Torres Strait Islanders. The white five-pointed star beneath it symbolises peace, the five major island groups, and the navigational importance of stars to the seafaring people of the Torres Strait.
The flag was gazetted as an Australian flag in 1995.
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Information Sourced from:
Flags & Emblems of Australia – Jill B Bruce
Raise the Flag – Cliff Gifford